The fiery frontman saw red just 28 minutes into a La Liga fixture at Camp Nou on April 6.
Believing that he had been fouled, the Spain international launched into a furious tirade at the match officials.
He was shown a straight red card and had to be ushered from the field by Gerard Pique after initially refusing to walk.
Manzano revealed in his match report that Costa had said to him: “I sh*t on you wh*re mother.”
The former Chelsea forward also grabbed hold of the referee’s arm during an angry confrontation.
He has paid the price for those actions, with the Spanish Football Federation having met on Wednesday to discuss what punishment to hand out.
He has been handed two four-game bans – one for insulting a match official and another for holding Manzano’s arm in an effort to prevent him from showing yellow cards to Diego Godin and Jose Gimenez.
As Atletico only have seven more matches to take in this season, Costa’s campaign has been brought to a premature conclusion.